Evolution: Real or Man-Made?

[The following article originally appeared in The Epoch Times on November 22, 2009.]

Where did we come from? Evolution? God’s creation? For years, scientists have claimed that they have gripping fossil proof of evolution, yet Missouri-based biologist, physician, and television producer Dr. Carl Werner dared to question.

With the coming of the 150th anniversary of Charles Darwin’s “On the Origin of Species” (Nov. 24, 1859), Dr. Werner recently released the first two volumes of books and a documentary from his series challenging Darwin—”Evolution: The Grand Experiment.”

Read the full article at http://www.theepochtimes.com/n2/content/view/25518/

New Television Series

The television documentary, Evolution: The Grand Experiment, airs on national and international stations beginning in November, 2009. Some 30 million homes will receive the show during prime time.

Here are the stations and air times:

  • Nov. 5 – NRB Network, Direct TV, 9PM Eastern time
  • Nov. 5 – Romania Network, Direct TV, with subtitles
  • Nov. 9 & 20 – Cornerstone Network, 8PM Eastern time
    • Altoona, PA – WKBS-TV, channel 47
    • Brooklyn, NY – WBQM-TV, channel 3
    • Brookville, PA – W45BT-TV
    • Bullhead City, AZ – K65FI-TV
    • Cheyenne, WY – KMAH-TV, channel 39
    • Clarksburg, WV – W21CJ-TV
    • Elliotsburg, PA – W12CA-TV
    • Harrisburg, PA – W35BT-TV
    • Lake Havasu City, AZ – K27EC-TV
    • Laramie, WY – KPAH-TV, channel 24
    • Manhattan, NY – WMBQ-CA, channel 46
    • Middleburg, PA – W18BC-TV
    • Pittsburgh/Greenburg, PA – WPCB-TV, channel 40
    • Sharon, PA – W29CO-TV
    • Springfield, MO – ECTV Cable, channel 12
    • Springfield, MO – TCI Cable, channel 27
    • Syracuse, NY – WONO-CA, channel 11
    • Syracuse, NY – WTVU-LP, channel 22
    • Syracuse, NY – WIXT-CA, channel 40
    • Syracuse, NY – WTKO-LP, channel 15
    • Wilmington, PA – W36DO-D

The documentary is based on the books, Evolution: The Grand Experiment and Living Fossils by Dr. Carl Werner, and produced and distributed by Audio Visual Consultants, Inc., St. Louis.  Both titles are published by New Leaf Press in Green Forest, AR.

Opening Video for New DVD Series

Here is the opening video for the new DVD series, “Evolution: The Grand Experiment.” Available at online retailers in September, 2010.

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CYmKfr68RSI&feature=channel

Get new DVD video series, Evolution: The Grand Experiment

For more than 20 years, Dr. Carl Werner has researched the theory of evolution in response to a college bet challenging him to prove whether evolution was, in fact, true or false.

After more than 18 years of background research, Dr. Werner headed to the field. There he talked with top scientists in 7 countries and on 3 continents who were on both sides of the evolution question. His photographer/wife took more than 60,000 photographs, shot some 300 videos and transcribed more than 1000 pages of interviews.

The result is the new DVD series, “Evolution: The Grand Experiment.” Below are updates on the progress of production. British music composer Simon Wilkinson produced the music score. The DVD is expected to release to online retailers by September 1, 2010.

Author Interview

Dr. Carl Werner talks about  researching living fossils in his attempt to solve the theory of evolution.  In the process he interviewed top scientists in 7 countries and 3 continents and traveled 100,000 miles. The documentary contains more than 60,000 photographs, 300 videos, more than 1000 pages of transcripts.

Click here to watch the interview: http://vodpod.com/watch/2048398-author-interview?pod=livingfossils

Adaptation

[For 10 Tuesdays, I will describe the scientific problems that caused me to question evolution and the natural origin of the universe.  You may want to subscribe to this blog so that you get the Tuesday postings in order.]

Adaptation implies that an animal senses changes in the environment (such as a change in ambient temperature of the environment or a change in the available food sources), morphs its body in response to these environmental changes, and passes these new body designs onto the next generation. Darwin thought adaptation was one of the mechanisms for evolution, along with natural selection, but surprisingly this concept is now considered outdated. 

A lizard could not grow fur simply because of a sudden cooling of the climate.  Even if a skin cell could grow a hair through a mutation in an individual skin cell, there is no way for the DNA in the skin cell (somatic cell) to pass this information to the reproductive cells (genomic cell).  The reproductive cells such as the eggs or sperm cannot get signals from the outside environment or signals from any of the body cells and change accordingly.  Because of these difficulties, some biologists have suggested eliminating the concept of direct adaptation altogether. Unfortunately, some naturalists and even university professors still speak in terms of these disproved and outdated mechanisms. 

Modern evolution scientists who understand the biological problems with direct adaptation agree.  Even so, they have held onto the word, “adaptation,” and have applied a new meaning to it.  This has proven to be very confusing to the public. When modern scientists now use the word, “adaptation,” they mean that the DNA in the egg or sperm accidentally changed its letters by a fortuitous series of blind random chance mutations, not in response to any changes in the environment, but by accident, and caused the animal to develop new traits.  For example, an invertebrate changed thousands of letters of DNA in the reproductive cells over time and accidentally developed a spinal cord. 

As you will read in my next blog entry, Natural Selection does not solve this problem either.

 Dr. Carl Werner

Author, Evolution: The Grand Experiment book series published by New Leaf Press.

The Last Frontier of Living Fossils: Mammals

[Today’s post is excerpted from the book, Living Fossils, by scientific researcher, Dr. Carl Werner. This is volume 2 in the series, Evolution: The Grand Experiment, and is published by New Leaf Press.]

You might be thinking I’m setting up this blog post to conclude that modern-appearing mammals have not been found in dinosaur rock layers. Actually, there has been great progress, but we are just getting started.

Before 1812, the year that mammal bones were first discovered in dinosaur rock layers, it was presumed by some scientists that mammals did not live during the time of dinosaurs. Even after this landmark discovery, scientists continued to refer to the time of the dinosaurs as “The Age of the Reptiles.”

It turns out that mammals were not all that rare in dinosaur rock layers. For example, in just one section of a Jurassic rock formation, 43 different species of mammals were found. Nearly 300 genus groups of mammals have now been found in dinosaur rock layers and many of these genera have more than one species. Dinosaur-age mammals have been found in Europe, Canada, China, Australia, and the United States. Most of these are bits and pieces or single bones, but many complete skeletons have also been found.

As far as size, our perceptions are changing, too. For a long time, scientists taught that the largest dinosaur-ear mammal was about the size of a shrew or a mouse. With the discoveries of the 12-pound opossum-like mammal and a three-foot-long, 300-pound collie-sized Tasmanian Devil-like mammal, dinosaur-era mammals are approaching modern mammal sizes. With all this new information, the term, “The Age of the Reptiles,” is considered a misnomer. Unfortunately, some museums perpetuate this myth even today.

According to Dr. Zhe-Xi Luo, curator of vertebrate paleontology and associate director of research and collections at the Carnegie Museum of Natural History in Pittsburgh, nearly 100 complete skeletons of mammals have been found in dinosaur rock layers. This was surprising because I had only seen three of these skeletons in all of the museums I visited. 

Although there is growing interest in dinosaur-era mammals, some paleontologists still focus on extracting dinosaur bones and ignore smaller mammal fossils. This practice may reflect the public’s interest in dinosaurs and their lack of interest in dinosaur-era mammals.

I was surprised to learn some dinosaur-era mammal fossils are left in the rock and not investigated or researched. It is disturbing to think that there may be a wealth of mammal bones which no one has bothered to collect, examine, investigate, or display. If this is true, it could perpetuate the illusion that mammals were rare during dinosaur times and undermine my effort to test evolution.

Prehistoric Birds (Phylum Chordata)

[Today’s post is excerpted from Living Fossils by scientific researcher, Dr. Carl Werner. This book is volume 2 in the series,Evolution: The Grand ExperimentLiving Fossils is published byNew Leaf Press.]

If you asked visitors leaving a natural history museum whether modern types of birds lived at the same time as dinosaurs, most likely you would get a resounding “No.” Before I began the active phase of my experiment in 1997, I had this same impression. Only extinct, unusual birds were present during the time of dinosaurs, I believed, such as the toothed bird, Archaeopteryx. In the 60 museums I visited, not once did I see a single fossil of a modern bird from a dinosaur layer.

My experiment predicted that if evolution was not true, I would find modern birds with dinosaurs. I already had fairly robust evidence that evolution was not true for the other animals such as reptiles, amphibians, fish, worms, sponges, shellfish, crustaceans, insects and echinoderms, but birds seemed to be different. Why?

It turns out they are not different; rather, they are simply not displayed in the museums I visited. This came to light when I interviewed paleontologists from 1997 to 2008.

Dr. William Clemens, a paleontologist at the University of California, Berkeley, got into a bitter argument played out in the nation press in the late 1980s with authors of the asteroid theory. The asteroid theory suggested dinosaurs went extinct because an asteroid hit the earth, resulting in an ecological disaster. The fire, smoke and dust from the asteroid impact theoretically blocked off the sun, causing a cooling of the atmosphere. This climate change then killed off all the dinosaurs, or so the theory goes.

Dr. Clemens simply did not believe in the asteroid extinction theory because, in his opinion, there was lack of evidence to support it. He had never found the smoking gun – a field of dead dinosaurs that coincided with an asteroid impact. Because of this, he and his colleagues set out to prove the theory wrong.

Dr. Clemens reasoned that if an asteroid struck the earth and killed off the dinosaurs by an ecological disaster, then other animals living at that same time should have gone extinct, too. These animals are much more sensitive to environmental changes and pollutants and should have perished along with the dinosaurs.

He and his group began looking for amphibians, insects and birds in the dinosaur layers. He reasoned that the more examples he found with dinosaurs, the less likely it was an asteroid impact had caused the extinction of dinosaurs since these sensitive animals are still living today. This was the backdrop for our interview when I asked Dr. Clemens the million-dollar question: Had he found any modern-appearing birds with dinosaurs?

Dr. Clemens recounted that a graduate student of his had found a parrot bone from the dinosaur layers. When he said this, I almost fell out of my chair since his report fell in line with my original prediction about finding modern-appearing birds with dinosaurs.

The graduate student, Tom Stidham, reported, “Paleontologists have been looking at these late Cretaceous collections and particularly focusing on little scraps of bone. And what they’re finding is, there is at that time, in the late Cretaceous, quite a diversity of modern groups of birds…”

That same year I also interviewed Dr. Monroe Strickberger from the University of California, Berkeley, on the topic of proteins and the origin of life. After the interview, I went back and read his 1996 college textbook, Evolution. What he wrote about bird evolution raised my suspicions one more notch. I had to ask myself, “What was a flamingo doing with dinosaurs, anyway?” In retrospect, I wonder why I had never seen any of these fossils displayed at the 60 museums I visited.

In February, 1999 I interviewed Dr. Paul Sereno, from the University of Chicago, on the topic of dinosaur evolution. During this interview I asked Dr. Sereno my standard question about asteroid survivors. His answer made me begin to feel my experiment had been vindicated. Dr. Sereno suggested that not only parrots, but penguins and owls had been found in dinosaur rock layers, too.

“What is becoming apparent is that many of the modern bird groups – parrots, maybe even penguins, and other kinds of groups like owls – evolved earlier in the dinosaur era and we are beginning to pick up their traces.” – Dr. Sereno.

Three years later, in February, 2002, I traveled to the Milwaukee Public Museum. Here I found yet another example of a modern type of bird found in dinosaur rock layers. The museum staff had found a modern-appearing avocet along with a T.rex and a Triceratops dinosaur at Hell Creek, Montana. Avocets are living today in Louisiana and Texas.

The scientists at the Milwaukee Public Museum reconstructed a model of what this ancient avocet looked like, based on fossilized bones. Ignoring all the colors of feathers which are not preserved in fossils, these two animals are quite likely the same species.

Based on fossil evidence, parrots, flamingos, cormorants, sandpipers, owls, penguins, avocets, and tube-nose albatross-like birds lived at the same time as dinosaurs. Based on molecular divergence data, most or all of the major modern bird groups were present during the time of the dinosaurs. For me, birds were a completely unexpected fulfillment of my hypothesis prediction and raised serious doubts about the theory of evolution.

Evolution: The Grand Experiment Video

Vodpod videos no longer available.

more about “Evolution: The Grand Experiment“, posted with vodpod

Fossil Snakes?

[Today’s post is excerpted from Living Fossils by scientific researcher, Dr. Carl Werner. This book is volume 2 in the series, Evolution: The Grand Experiment. Living Fossils is published by New Leaf Press.]

At the Hell Creek dinosaur dig site in Montana, scientists found not only a Triceratops and a Tyrannosaurus rex, but also fossil bones of a boa constrictor. Now this may seem insignificant to you, but for me it was very significant – another reptile group [against which] to test evolution.

A reconstructed model of this dinosaur-age boa constrictor from Montana is on display at the Milwaukee County Museum. When I placed this reconstructed dinosaur-era boa constrictor next to a photograph of a live boa constrictor, they looked like the same snake. Remember, scientists cannot tell the color of animals when they find fossil bones. In looking at any reconstruction of an animal, you have to ignore the parts that have been interpreted by the artist.

Besides this fossil boa, fossil snakes have been found in Cretaceous dinosaur fossil layers in India, the United States, Madagascar, Niger, Sudan, Spain, Argentina, Romania, and Algeria.

The Carnegie Museum displays fossil lizards that it says “resemble the living iguanas, but is distinguished by its teeth – these are widened sided to side and have sharp cutting edges.” From the anatomy that I can see, I will say these lizards look as though they could be siblings.

When comparing modern ground lizards to the Jurassic lizard from Germany, one can see the number of toes, the length of the toes, the length of the ribs, the width of the tail vertebrae, etc. They look very similar. In fact, many modern-appearing lizards have been found alongside dinosaurs, including iguana-like lizards, ground lizards, tuatara-like lizards and gliding lizards.

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